Regent Care Center of San Antonio II, LP v. Hargrave, No. 06-0717 (Tex.
Apr. 18, 2008)(per curiam) (HCLC, interlocutory appeal, jurisdiction to litigate sanctions motion
by defendant after nonsuit; appealability of order denying sanctions following nonsuit)
REGENT CARE CENTER OF SAN ANTONIO II, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP D/B/A REGENT CARE
CENTER OF OAKWELL FARMS AND RCCSA II, INC. v. BARBARA HARGRAVE, INDIVIDUALLY
AND AS EXECUTRIX OF THE ESTATE OF DOROTHY MONTGOMERY, AND VERNON LLOYD
PIERCE, INDIVIDUALLY; from Bexar County; 4th district (04-05-00274-CV, 202 S.W.3d 807, 06-
Pursuant to Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 59.1, after granting the petition for review and
without hearing oral argument, the Court reverses the court of appeals' judgment and remands
the case to that court.
At issue in this case is whether the trial court’s denial of a motion for sanctions under former
article 4590i of the Medical Liability Insurance Improvement Act (MLIIA) is appealable following a
The court of appeals dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction, concluding that the trial court’s
subsequent entry of the plaintiff’s nonsuit rendered moot the interlocutory order denying the
motion. 202 S.W.3d 807, 810. Because our decision in Villafani v. Trejo, __ S.W.3d __ (Tex.
2008), governs the case at bar, we reverse the court of appeals’ judgment and remand to the
court of appeals to consider the merits of the appeal.
On November 15, 2002, plaintiff Barbara Hargrave, individually and as executrix of the estate of
Dorothy Montgomery, and Vernon Lloyd Pierce (collectively plaintiffs) filed suit for medical
malpractice against Regent Care Center of San Antonio II, LP d/b/a Regent Care Center Oakwell
Farms and RCCSA II, Inc. (collectively Regent Care). On March 14, 2003, plaintiffs filed an
expert report. The trial court denied Regent Care’s subsequent motion for dismissal and
sanctions, which claimed the expert report was inadequate. On January 29, 2004, Regent Care
filed a petition for writ of mandamus, which the Court of Appeals for the Fourth District denied. In
re Regent Care Ctr. of San Antonio II, L.P., No. 04-04-00056-CV, 2004 Tex. App. LEXIS 2816
(Tex. App.—San Antonio March 31, 2004, orig. proceeding). Plaintiffs then filed a notice of
nonsuit with prejudice, which the trial court entered on April 14, 2005. Regent Care timely
perfected an appeal of the trial court’s order denying the motion.
The court of appeals held that the nonsuit and dismissal rendered the interlocutory order moot
and thus deprived the court of jurisdiction. 202 S.W.3d at 810.
In Villafani, a defendant appealed the trial court’s denial of his motion for dismissal and sanctions
after the entry of nonsuit. __ S.W.3d at __. We held that the court of appeals had jurisdiction to
determine whether the trial court abused its discretion in denying the motion. Id. Like Villafani,
Regent Care appealed the trial court’s denial of its motion after the entry of nonsuit.
The filing of a nonsuit with prejudice in this case, rather than a nonsuit without prejudice as in
Villafani, is not a material distinction for the purpose of this holding. See Camarena v. Tex.
Employment Comm’n, 754 S.W.2d 149, 151 (Tex. 1988).
The court of appeals’ judgment that it lacked jurisdiction in this case is thus erroneous. See
Villafani, __ S.W.3d at __.
Accordingly, without hearing oral argument, we grant the petition for review, reverse the court of
appeals’ judgment, and remand this case to that court to consider the merits of the appeal in
light of our opinion in Villafani. See Tex. R. App. P. 59.1, 60.2(f).
OPINION DELIVERED: April 18, 2008
 After the filing of this case, the Legislature repealed, codified, and amended parts of the
MLIIA. Act of June 2, 2003, 78th Leg., R.S., ch. 204, 2003 Tex. Gen. Laws 847 (current version
at Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code §§ 74.001–.507). The amendments relevant to this case were
not made effective until September 1, 2003. Accordingly, Texas Revised Civil Statutes article
4590i continues to govern this case. Acts of May 30, 1977, 65th Leg., R.S., ch. 817, 1977 Tex.
Gen. Laws 2039, amended by Act of May 18, 1979, 66th Leg., R.S., ch. 596, 1979 Tex. Gen.
Laws 1259, amended by Act of May 26, 1989, 71st Leg., R.S., ch. 1027, §§ 27, 28, 1989 Tex.
Gen. Laws 4128, 4145, amended by Act of March 21, 1991, 72d Leg., R.S., ch. 14, § 284, 1991
Tex. Gen. Laws 42, 222, amended by Act of May 25, 1993, 73d Leg., R.S., ch. 625, 1993 Tex.
Gen. Laws 2347, amended by Act of May 5, 1995, 74th Leg., R.S., ch. 140, 1995 Tex. Gen.
Laws 985, amended by Act of June 1, 1997, 75th Leg., R.S., ch. 1228, 1997 Tex. Gen. Laws
4693, amended by Act of June 2, 1997, 75th Leg., R.S., ch. 1396, §§ 44, 45, 1997 Tex. Gen.
Laws 5202, 5249, amended by Act of May 13, 1999, 76th Leg., R.S., ch. 242, 1999 Tex. Gen.
Laws 1104, repealed by Act of June 2, 2003, 78th Leg., R.S., ch. 204, § 10.09, 2003 Tex. Gen.
Laws 847, 884.